Colombia has the the largest number of varieties of birds, with hundreds of species and almost 70 of them endemic to the country. A 2013 scientific publication has confirmed that the official number of birds registered in the country has exceeded 1,900 species. This represents a new world record and firmly establishes Colombia as the world’s most biodiverse country, surpassing Brazil and Peru.

Colombia’s diverse culture is a product of its unique history, and its African, European and Native Indian influences. Due to its rich heritage, Colombia boasts over 87 indigenous ethnic groups that represent 1.5 percent of the country’s total population and speak 64 native languages that belong to 22 linguistic families.

In every region, the joyfulness and diversity of the Colombian people is expressed and celebrated during fairs, carnivals and cultural festivals.

  • The Carnival of Blacks and Whites in Pasto.
  • The Manizales Fair in January.
  • The Barranquilla Carnival.
  • The Biennial Bogotá International Theater Festival around Easter.
  • The Vallenato Legend Festival in Valledupar.
  • The Colombian Folkloric Festival in Ibague and the Bambuco National Pageant in Neiva.
  • The Medellín Flower.
  • The Cuadrillas de San Martin.
  • The November 11 Feasts in Cartagena.
  • The Cali Fair.   

By choosing Colombia Photo Expeditions you are supporting a network of local guides, naturalists, researches, photographers and local organizations. Our philosophy is based in environmentally friendly and sustainable tourism.

Photo ©  Juan Jose Arango /

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